Library for Gathering
Samuli Woolston (co-principal, ALA Architects) × Choe Nowk
Choe Nowk(Choe): Finland is a country that actively runs the Finnish Library Act. As the winner of the 2013 international competition, the design of ‘Oodi Library’ must have taken such policy into consideration. What were the guidelines of the competition, and what was your strategy to meet those guidelines? Also, could you elaborate on any consequences that occur in this project due to the revision of the Finish Library Act in 2016, when you were proceeding this project?
Samuli Woolston(Woolston): The New Library Act was in the making simultaneously with the building, they are both born from the same ideological basis of wanting to advance social equality through education. One good example is the 80-page competition programme stating that the Central Library “strives to promote equality by narrowing the digital gap between citizens and preventing information alienation.”
Choe: A unique aspect of the initial design was that there was a ‘sauna facility’ inside the building. Why did you place such type of facility inside the building? Although it wasn’t realized at the end, could you give us more details on what was your idea of that space, and what impact it could have had on the library if it were realized?
Woolston: The sauna was in the original competition programme and was taken out by the city library representatives themselves. The original idea was ideologically linked to Roman baths and their traditions of discussing serious topics in a state of relaxation.
Choe: The facade decorated with timber has an eave-like shape and continues into the interior. This is also an element that forms a sense of open space on the first floor. I would like to hear more about the process of how this geometry was developed.
Woolston: The shape comes from the fact that we wanted to have a solid floor containing the smaller spaces for self-expression between the two open floors. We then pulled the solid section onto the cinema on the ground floor and pulled the entrance down to contain the bridge structure creating the vault for gathering below. The cantilevering form creates a covered outdoor performance space below and an outdoor reading area above. The wood gives a welcome softness to the whole area and is the traditional material for houses in Finland.
Choe: Instead of placing columns, the structure was supported with a 100m-long steel arch, in order to give a sense of continuity between the square facing the building and the lobby on the first floor. Apart from minimizing the use of columns, what other impacts did this large arch structure have in the spatial composition?
Woolston: It is meant to welcome people and describe the use of the space: Gathering.
Choe: As it was the same for the other projects of ALA Architects, the use of local materials in Oodi Library is being emphasized. What kind of climate characteristics does the timber that was used on the facade have? Besides this, are there any other materials that were used distinctively?
Woolston: Finnish spruce stores carbon well. Most of the load bearing roof structure is in pine. We also used local steel and concrete companies in the projects.
Choe: The third floor where books are displayed is distinctive for having a few round skylights and a huge glass wall on the side. What was your intention of bringing a lot of light into this building, even though books are generally vulnerable to light exposure?
Woolston: The third floor is open to the city in all directions but lifted above the bustle. Architecturally it has the qualities of an open landscape with “hills” at each end and plenty of natural light. Sun light is also more ecological and pleasing to the eye. These are not rare books, but modern ones which are not vulnerable to light.
Choe: Rather than having a single specific purpose, Oodi Library was designed as a multicultural facility. Since the use of the building is more determined by the users, I would assume that the area in which the architect is involved in the building will also be different. I wonder what kind of position and stance ALA Architects takes when designing a ‘free space’.
Woolston: We believe that creating the best possible environment for many different types of use, creates the most flexible building.
Architect: ALA Architects
Competition team: ALA partners Juho Gronholm, Antti Nousjoki, Janne Terasvirta and Samuli Woolston with Aleksi Niemelainen, Jussi Vuori and Erica Osterlund, as well as Willem Barendregt, Martin Genet, Vladimir Ilic, Tiina Liisa Juuti, Julius Kekoni, Auvo Lindroos, Pekka Sivula, Pekka Tainio and Jyri Tartia
Location: Toolonlahdenkatu 4, 00100 Helsinki, Finland
Implementation team: ALA partners Juho Gronholm, Antti Nousjoki, Janne Terasvirta (until 2015) and Samuli Woolston with Niklas Mahlberg, Jussi Vuori, Tuulikki Tanska, Tom Stevens, Heikki Ruoho, Nea Tuominen, Pauliina Rossi, Anna Juhola and Miguel Silva, as well as Michal Bala, Marina Diaz Garcia, Jyri Eskola, Zuzana Hejtmankova, Harri Humppi, Mette Kahlos, Anniina Kortemaa, Felix Laitinen, Malgorzata Mutkowska, T. K. Justin Ng, Marlene Oberli-Raiha, Olli Parviainen, Alicia Pena Gomez, Anton Pramstrahler, Jack Prendergast, Akanksha Rathi, Niina Rinkinen, Mikael Rupponen, Mirja Sillanpaa and Pekka Sivula
Programme: Library facilities, meeting rooms, group working space, maker space, living lab, recording studios, photography studio, editing rooms, office space, cafe, restaurant, movie theater, auditorium, multi-purpose hall, exhibition facilities, information booths
Site area: 4,790 m2
Gross floor area: 17,250 m2
Building to land ratio: 79%
Floor area ratio: 314% (excluding basement)
Structure: main frame is steel, the structure is supported by concrete shafts
Exterior finishing: Finnish spruce boards
Interior finishing: different on every floor: Finnish spruce boards, monolithic rendered acoustical ceiling system, dark stained spruce veneer, white acoustical mdf panels, massive aluminum panels, textiles cladding. All floors are installation floors with different floor surfaces (ground floor: micro concrete, middle floor: rubber, top floor: massive oak boards)
Structural engineer: Ramboll, Finland
Construction: YIT Rakennus
Mechanical engineer: Ramboll, Finland
Electrical engineer: Rejlers, Finland
Landscape architect: Todd Longstaffe-Gowan
Design period: 2014-2018 (2-stage open international competition 2012-2013)
Construction period: 2015-2018
Construction budget: undisclosed (total project budget 98 M€)
Clinet: City of Helsinki