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Relations and Boundaries: D School Complex

NAMELESS Architecture

written by
Na Unchung, Yoo Sorae
photographed by
Roh Kyung
materials provided by
NAMELESS Architecture

SPACE September 2023 (No. 670) 




Dongwha High School in Namyangju-si was established in the 1950s and has expanded alongside its surrounding urban fabric. After demolishing the dilapidated canteen, the newly constructed D School Complex was extended to include multi-purpose spaces. This place, which lives up to its name as a complex, encourages an expanded understanding of interaction as a consolidated assembly of structures while also underscoring the conceptual complexity of the place. The building houses cultural activities, physical education, dining facilities, and management programmes. The existing concrete, box-shaped, one-storey structure on the first floor is now being used as a management space. The second floor was designed as a space for students to eat and drink, and the third floor was designed as a space for cultural and physical education with an outdoor basketball court and a 400-seat performance hall. Various programmes have been consolidated into a single aggregate through the grid frame of structure and envelope. The grid frame as a structure divides this large building into smaller units and also consolidates outside circulation and signage to create a sense of depth across the elevation.

The multi-complex space located at the centre of the campus serves as a crossroads for interaction and encounter. The first step in the design process was to architecturalise the movement of diverse users approaching this area. The three stories are connected by outdoor stairwells on the west side, which penetrate both the exterior and the interior to connect each different passing circulation route. A ramp and a stairway that traverse the lower part of the building connect the spacious, emptied schoolyard to the yard at the main entrance. Lastly, the gently sloping, 100m-long ramp begins on the east side of the schoolyard and forms a circulation path that reaches the canteen, performance hall, and basketball court. Various circulation systems disperse users into calmer channels, avoiding excessive burden on the circulation routes—the majority get together and scatter quickly due to the nature of the spatial programme. Moreover, the dynamic scenery formed by users who walk up and down the building is expressed here as part of its identity as a multi-complex facility, privileging a flexible flow in this orthogonal system-based architecture. (written by Na Unchung, Yoo Sorae / edited by Bang Yukyung)​


You can see more information on the SPACE No. 670 (September 2023).​ ​ ​ 


NAMELESS Architecture (Na Unchung, Yoo Sorae)

Design team

Lee Jungho, Lee Changsoo, Gang Taekgyu, Park Jiho


434, Gyeongchun-ro, Namyangju-si, Gyeonggi-do, Ko


educational facility (school)

Site area


Building area


Gross floor area






Building to land ratio


Floor area ratio



RC, steel frame

Exterior finishing

corrugated steel sheet, steel pipe, exposed concr

Interior finishing

white ash plywood, water paint

Structural engineer

EUN Structural Engineering

Mechanical and electrical engineer

HANA Consulting Engineers Co., Ltd.


Seo Kang General Construction

Design period

Aug. 2020 – Feb. 2021

Construction period

Mar. 2021 – Mar. 2022


Donghwa High School

NAMELESS Architecture
NAMELESS Architecture is an ideas-based design practice. Na Unchung and Yoo Sorae each graduated from Hongik University and Korea University. They also both received an M.Arch. from the University of California, Berkeley in the United States. After establishing NAMELESS Architecture in New York in 2010, they expanded their office to Seoul. They run a practice committed to simplicity in an unpredictable world, where they explore the worlds of architecture, city, and global cultural phenomena.