SPACE April 2022 (No. 653)
Gwangnaru Rescue Center of Water Disaster, which covers a 9.4km section from upstream of Jamsil Bridge to Gangdongdaegyo Bridge, which other rescue operations can’t cover. It is an emergency service office that can accommodate seven members of a special water rescue team who stay for three shifts around the clock every day. The self-floating building constructed at the riverside of Gwangnaru Hangang Park in Cheonho-dong, Gangdong-gu, which is close to Jamsil, Cheonho, and Gwangjin Bridges (with their many suicide attempts) aims to secure safety with the goal of a four-minute arrival (which is essential in water accidents).
Evacuation is ordered to a safety zone when the water level on the lowlands of the Han River basin reaches 10.5m in a flood, about 4m higher than the average. Usually, the water level of the Han River is lower than the ground level by 6m to 12m at least, and about 19m from the Olympic highway. In consideration of this, a lower buoyancy structure system based on the principle of a ship was designed to be about 1.7m high, which provided a base for the Water Rescue Team.
A rectangular plan, which is open on the first floor, is formed around a courtyard using an inner circulation structure from the first to the second floors and an outer structure of continuous space of programmes. This structure encourages immediate dispatch from anywhere and secures natural ventilation and ample daylight. The building façade is finished with super-mirror 3D metal in wave patterns that resemble therippling of a river.
It reflects the varied light effects and colours found in the park and in the of north-south direction of the Han River over time, and also makes the floating building reflect the Han River Park like a mirror. Built on a buoyancy structure that can respond to water level changes, the ship mooring facility is connected to the riverside with a 1.5m-wide connecting ramp and can accommodate two water boats. Facilities in the Han River are not exactly architecture, but a kind of ship that doesn’t sail but float on the shore because they are in the Han River, the lifeline of Seoul.
CoRe Architects (U Zongxoo, Kim Vin) + Graft Objec
An Chiwan, Kim Minkyum
83-19, Seonsa-ro, Gangdong-gu, Seoul, Korea
fire station & boat mooring
steel structure, floating type structure
3D metal (water wave)
Ewon Structure Engineering Corporation, KJ Enginee
Cheonglim Mechanical Construction
Geugdong Engineering Corporation
Dec. 2018 – Apr. 2019
Sep. 2019 – June 2020
Fire and Disaster Headquarters in Seoul Metropolit